Islamic calligraphy artis a very sophisticated form of art, and has a glorious past spanning centuries and varied geographical territories. A big evidence of the evolution of Islamic calligraphy is the development of different fonts of writing the Arabic script. Each style originated in a particular place, at a particular time, and has its own set of rules of writing. If you are looking for Islamic calligraphy art for sale, it would help to know about the different styles of writing the Quranic verses. We explain the popular ones here:
1.Kufic: This is the earliest font, which originated in 7thKufa in Iraq. It was the first font in which the Quran was written at a time when the Arabic script contained no diacritical marks. Later, as non-Arabs began entering the fold of Islam and were unfamiliar with the language of the Quran, diacritical marks and vowels symbols were brought in. The Kufic font has horizontal strokes that are either very long or very short, and round characters with tiny counters.
The style branches into several categories, such as floral, foliated, plaited or interlaced, bordered, and squared Kufic.
In the 10th century, the use of Kufic font in writing the Quran gave way to new more legible font, Naskh. It, however, continued to be used for decorative purposes such as in ceramic plates.
2.Naskh: This cursive style of writing became popular due to both ease of reading and writing, and continues to be used even today in writing the Quran. It formed the basis of the modern Arabic script, and is still used in newspapers, periodicals, official decrees and private correspondence.
3.Thuluth: Thuluthis an Arabic word that means ‘one third’. In Thuluth script, one-third of the letters are straight. The font has a very striking and grand appearance on account of the long, vertical lines, broad spacing and special emphasis on dots, diacritical marks and symbols used to indicate the sounds of vowels. Because of its majestic look, it is used for decorative purposes. It adorns the walls and ceilings of many monuments and buildings, such as the Taj Mahal, for example. People also use it for Islamic wall artin their homes, offices and to give as gifts.
4.Nast’aliq: This regional style developed in Iran and was also used for non-religious purposes such as writing court documents. The name ta’liq means “hanging”, and refers to the leftward slope of the characters which gives the overall script a hanging appearance. It is also used for writing Persian and Urdu languages.
5.Diwani: This style came into being during the reign of the Ottoman sultans in the 16th century AD. It is an extremely ornate form of writing – the letters are slanted, and the narrow spaces between them are densely filled with decorative dots – and is thus suitable for Islamic calligraphy art.The Diwanistyle is difficult to read and was employed in writing confidential documents of the court. In modern times, its extreme decorativeness makes it the preferred choice for those looking for Islamic calligraphy art for sale.